The I-134 Affidavit of Support is similar to the I-864 in that it is a financial contract with the U.S. Government that guarantees that if an immigrant was to ever become a public charge while in the United states, the sponsor in the Affidavit of Support would reimburse the government.
The I-134 is used in nonimmigrant visa situations, meaning anything other than a Green Card process. An I-134 Affidavit of Support may be requested by the Immigration Officer or requested by the Consulate in general. So, it is wise to have one prepared for a visa interview.
The financial income of the sponsor must meet the Federal Poverty Guidelines by 100%. The sponsor should always provide supporting documentation to prove the proclaimed income amount. Tax Returns, W-2s, Bank Statements, Pay Stubs, Copies of Bond Certificates, or an Employment Letter are all ideal proofs of income.
Although the I-134 is titled an affidavit, it does not need to be signed before a notary public.
When to use the I-134 Affidavit of Support
The I-134 is used in nonimmigrant visa situations, meaning anything other than a Green Card process.
So, it is wise to have an I-134 for each visa prepared for a visa interview. The Immigration Officer may request the Affidavit of support. However, as a rule of thumb, if the nonimmigrant visa is a K Visa, then the petitioner should always prepare an I-134. Even though an I-864 will be needed in the future, the immigration officer will want to see an I-134.
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