Parolee for the Public Interest, commonly known as Military Parole in Place (PIP) is an Immigration Status. Military PIP is provided by USCIS, valid for 1 year after approval, and is legal presence in the United States. Military PIP is available for Spouses, Children, and Parents of Active-Duty, Reserve, and Veteran Service Members. Military PIP is proven by the I-94 card provided to the Parolee.
SSA requires certain documents to review an SS-5 Application. In terms of Immigration Status for non-United States Citizens, SSA accepts:
- Form I-551 (Permanent Resident Card, includes machine-readable immigrant visa);
- Admission stamp showing a class of admission permitting work;
- Form I-94 (Arrival/Departure Record); or
- Form I-766 (Employment Authorization Document, EAD, work permit).
An I-94, coupled with an unexpired foreign passport, should be sufficient proof to permit a Parolee in the Public Interest to receive a Social Security Number.
Can I work with the PIP Card?
No, PIP does not in of itself provide authorization to work.
You may file an I-765 request to receipt employment authorization from USCIS; however, an I-765 under PIP can cost at least $410, can take up to 9 months to process, and the Employment Authorization ends when the PIP Expires.
If you file an I-765 under an I-485 Green Card Application / Adjustment of Status, the I-765 is free in the C9 Category. The free option is the most widely pursued after PIP is granted since the end goal is not to just work, rather it is to be legal in the US, free from deportation, and to receive a Green Card.
What if the local SSA Office does not permit the Social Security Card issuance?
Although it is uncommon, some SSA Offices may not recognize a PIP I-94 as being valid to receive a Social Security Card. When an SSA Officer needs assistance, providing the following SSA Program Operations Manual System (POMS) Excerpts:
RM 10211.190 – Evidence of Parolee Status for an SSN Card – states:
A. Definition of parolee
A parolee is an alien who is allowed to enter the U.S. under emergency conditions or for purposes of the public interest. For a full definition of parolee, see RM 10211.001B.32.
- Evidence requirements
Certain parolees applying for an original SSN may submit only one document to prove age, identity, and immigration status for an SSN card. For information on the exception to providing two documents when a parolee submits only one, see RM 10210.020.
- Employment authorization
Not all parolees have employment authorization. A parolee’s employment authorization depends on the evidence of parolee status submitted.
RM 10211.195 – Evidence of Parolee Status When an Alien Submits Form I-94 or Unexpired Foreign Passport – states:
Form I-94 with a parole stamp in the upper right corner is evidence of parolee immigration status. If the parolee does not have a Form I-94, then a parole stamp in the unexpired foreign passport is sufficient evidence of parole status.
Generally, the stamp shows:
- a “Parole Unit” designation or the stamp header “PAROLED;”
- a purpose of parole (e.g., “Public Interest”) or a class of admission indicating parolee status (e.g., CP or OP); and
- a port of entry, action date, and inspector stamp number.
An I-94 or unexpired foreign passport with a parole stamp may show a handwritten departure number when Customs and Border Protection (CBP) electronically assigns the alien an I-94 number in their system.
If the parolee shows an I-94, the handwritten departure number supersedes the preprinted number. The preprinted number may or may not be crossed out.
RM 10211.135 – Evidence of Non-immigrant Status for a Social Security Number (SSN) Card – states:
A. Evidence for lawfully admitted non-immigrants
Each alien lawfully admitted as a non-immigrant should have an unexpired immigration document and an unexpired foreign passport as evidence of his or her status. The data shown on the immigration document and foreign passport should agree. Compare pictures appearing on visas and passports against the applicant for in-person interviews. In some cases, the alien may have a current immigration document, but may not have a foreign passport (e.g., asylees, refugees, parolees, victims of severe forms of trafficking, or certain Canadian citizens). In these situations, accept the unexpired immigration document alone. In other situations, the alien may only have an unexpired foreign passport with an admission stamp.
Here is SS-5 Application Guidance:
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